Print ISSN: 1017-0715
Online ISSN: 2233-7180
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Vol.49 No.6 November 2021
Cover and Contents
50(4) 1-1, 2022
DOI: JANT Vol.50(No.4) 1-1, 2022
Aims and scope
Nanocomposite Electrode Materials Prepared from Pinus roxburghii and Hematite for Application in Supercapacitors
50(4) 219-236, 2022
DOI:10.5658/WOOD.2022.50.4.219 JANT Vol.50(No.4) 219-236, 2022
Wood-based nanocomposite electrode materials were synthesized for application in supercapacitors by mixing nanostructured hematite (Fe2O3) with highly porous activated carbon (AC) produced from the wood-waste of Pinus roxburghii. The AC was characterized using various instrumental techniques and the results showed admirable electrochemical properties, such as high surface area and reasonable porosity. Firstly, AC was tested as an electrode material for supercapacitors and it showed a specific capacitance of 59.02 Fg-1 at a current density of 1 Ag-1, cycle life of 84.2% after 1,000 cycles (at a current density of 3 Ag-1), and energy density of 5.1 Wh/kg at a power density of 135 Wkg-1. However, when the AC was composited with different ratios of Fe2O3 (1:1, 2:1, and 1:2), there was an overall improvement in its electrochemical performance. Among the 3 ratios, 2:1 (AC:Fe2O3) had the best specific capacitance of 102.42 Fg-1 at 1 Ag-1, cycle life of 94.4% capacitance after 1,000 cycles (at a current density of 3 Ag-1), and energy density of 8.34 Wh/kg at a power density of 395.15 Wkg-1 in 6 M KOH electrolyte in a 3-electrode experimental setup with a high working voltage of 1.55 V. Furthermore, when Fe2O3 was doubled, 1:2 (AC:Fe2O3), the electrochemical capacitive performance of the electrode twisted and deteriorated due to either the accumulation of Fe2O3 particles within the composite or higher bulk resistance value of pure Fe2O3.
Experimental Study of Bending and Bearing Strength of Parallel Strand Lumber (PSL) from Japanese Larch Veneer Strand
50(4) 237-245, 2022
DOI:10.5658/WOOD.2022.50.4.237 JANT Vol.50(No.4) 237-245, 2022
This study examined the structural performance of experimental parallel strand lumber (PSL) from a Larch veneer strand. The prototype of PSL from a Larch veneer strand was manufactured in the experimental laboratory and tested. The bending and dowel bearing strength were determined from the modulus of elasticity (MOE), modulus of rupture (MOR), and dowel bearing strength based on a 5% offset yield load. The test results indicated that the average MOR of PSL was higher than that of 2 × 4 dimension lumber, and the average MOE of PSL was lower than that of 2 × 4 dimension lumber. A linear relationship was observed between the MOR and MOE. The allowable bending stress of PSL was derived as specified in ASTM D2915 and compared with other research. The dowel bearing strength of PSL in parallel to the grain was approximately double that perpendicular to the grain of PSL. A comparison of several theoretical calculations based on each national code for the dowel bearing strength was conducted, and some theoretical equations produced results closer to the experimental results when it was parallel to the grain, but the difference was higher in the case perpendicular to the grain. The test results showed that PSL made with Japanese larch veneer strands appeared to be suitable for a raw material of structural composite lumber (SCL) appeared to be used as a raw material for SCL.
Tomosynthesis Feasibility Study for Visualization of Interiors of Wood Columns Surrounded with Walls
Jun Jae Lee , Chul-ki Kim
50(4) 246-255, 2022
DOI:10.5658/WOOD.2022.50.4.246 JANT Vol.50(No.4) 246-255, 2022
The need for non-destructive testing and evaluation of Korean traditional wooden buildings is increasing because of their widespread deterioration. Among all types of deterioration, termite damage in wooden columns is the most difficult to detect with the naked eye because it starts inside the wood, and the initial deterioration is small. X-ray computed tomography (CT) is the best technology to investigate the inner state of wood that has less damage, but applying it to wooden columns between walls is challenging. Therefore, the feasibility of tomosynthesis, which is a method to reconstruct a coronal section of a subject with a few X-ray projections from a limited angle of rotation, was studied as an alternative to CT. Pine (P. densiflora) with three artificial holes was prepared as a specimen to evaluate the quality of reconstructed tomosynthesis images according to the different number of projections. The quality of the tomosynthesis images in the in-focus plane was evaluated using the contrast-to-noise ratios, while a vertical resolution between the images was assessed by determining the artificial spread function. The quality of the tomosynthesis image in the in-focus plane increased as the number of projections increased and then remained constant as the number of projections reached 21 or over. In the case of vertical resolution, there was no significant difference when 21 projections or more were used to reconstruct the images. A distinct difference between coronal section images was found when the distance was more than 10 mm from one plane to another plane.
Study of Characterization of Activated Carbon from Coconut Shells on Various Particle Scales as Filler Agent in Composite Materials
Rudi Dungani , Sasa Sofyan Munawar , Tati Karliati , Jamaludin Malik , Pingkan Aditiawati , Sulistyono
50(4) 256-271, 2022
DOI:10.5658/WOOD.2022.50.4.256 JANT Vol.50(No.4) 256-271, 2022
Activated carbon (AC) derived from coconut shells (CS-AC) was obtained through pyrolysis at 700℃ and subsequently activated with H3PO4. AC was ground in a Wiley mill several times to form powder particles at particle scales of 80, 100, and 200 meshes. The characterization of the AC was studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and surface area analysis (SBET). The CS-AC-200 mesh resulted in a higher percentage of mesopores and surface area. This particle size had a larger surface area with angular, irregular, and crushed shapes in the SEM view. The smaller particles had smoother surfaces, less wear, and increased curing depth and ratio of the hardness of the resin composite. Based on the characterization results of the AC, it is evident that CS-AC with a 200 mesh particle size has the potential to be used as a filler in biocomposites.
Antioxidant Activities of Essential Oils from Citrus × natsudaidai (Yu. Tanaka) Hayata Peels at Different Ripening Stage
Jiyoon Yang , Won-sil Choi , Su-yeon Lee , Minju Kim , Mi-jin Park
50(4) 272-282, 2022
DOI:10.5658/WOOD.2022.50.4.272 JANT Vol.50(No.4) 272-282, 2022
The essential oil extracted from Citrus × natsudaidai (Yu. Tanaka) Hayata peels is known to have various biological properties. However, the chemical composition of essential oil is influenced by the ripening stages of fruits, which then affects related biological activities. This study investigates the antioxidant activities of essential oils extracted from Citrus × natsudaidai peels at different ripening stages (immature, mature, and overripe). The essential oils were extracted using the hydro-distillation method. As a result of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis, d-limonene was dominant and was increased as matured. However, γ-terpinene was decreased. The antioxidant properties and their total phenolic content (TPC) were influenced by the ripening stages. The TPC was highest in the immature stage of essential oil (1,011.25 ± 57.15 mg GAE/100 g). 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity was excellent in the immature stage (EC50 = 15.91 ± 0.38 mg/mL). 2,2’-Azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) radical scavenging activity was superior in overripe stage (EC50 = 20.43 ± 0.37 mg/mL). The antioxidant activity measured using ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay showed higher values for the essential oils in immaturity (1,342.37 ± 71.07 mg Fe2+/100 g). Comprehensively, the essential oil in the immature stage showed the best antioxidant activity. Finally, knowing the chemical composition and antioxidant activity at different ripening stages will provide data for selecting the right fruit.
Peracetic Acid Treatment as an Effective Method to Protect Wood Discoloration by UV Light
Kyoung-chan Park , Byeongho Kim , Hanna Park , Se-Yeong Park
50(4) 283-298, 2022
DOI:10.5658/WOOD.2022.50.4.283 JANT Vol.50(No.4) 283-298, 2022
Wood has always been used for various day-to-day applications such as interior or exterior construction materials, and household products. However, it can undergo photodegradation and discoloration by environmental factors including ultraviolet (UV) light, and thus has shortened its service life. Bleaching or delignification of wood surfaces is a suitable solution to stabilize wood against weathering by UV because these techniques can alter or remove the chromophores in lignin, which is a main factor of wood discoloration. To improve the color stability of wood surface according to the lifespan, surface delignification was conducted using peracetic acid (PAA) and hydrogen peroxide (HP) on the woods of Larix kaempferi and Quercus mongolica. After the PAA treatment, L* increased considerably from 60-70 to 90-95. Furthermore, wood surface color did not change significantly after UV exposure. The color differences (ΔE*) between before and after PPA treatment of wood showed the 4.8-12.2 of L. kaempferi, and 1.7-3.7 of Q. mongolica, respectively. The lignin-related peaks in Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) spectra disappeared with increased duration of PAA treatment. These results confirmed that the lignin component was partially or completely removed after the PAA treatment; the color differences (ΔE*) clearly showed that there was a reduction in redness (a*) and yellowness (b*), and an increase in lightness (L*) owing to the removal of lignin. Based on these results, this study demonstrated that the partial removal of lignin from wood surfaces is a fundamental method for resolving photo-degradation.
Erratum to: Gallotannins from Nut Shell Extractives of Camellia oleifera
Yi-chang He , Mei-jie Wu , Xiao-lin Lei , Jie-fang Yang , Wei Gao , Young-soo Bae , Tae-hee Kim , Sun-eun Choi , Bao-tong Li
50(4) 299-299, 2022
DOI:10.5658/WOOD.2022.50.4.299 JANT Vol.50(No.4) 299-299, 2022
Erratum to: Identification of Sapstain Fungi on Weathered Wooden Surfaces of Buildings at Jangheung and Jeju Island
Jeonghee Yun , Hee Chang Shin , Won Joung Hwang , Sae-min Yoon , Yeong-suk Kim
50(4) 300-300, 2022
DOI:10.5658/WOOD.2022.50.4.300 JANT Vol.50(No.4) 300-300, 2022
Organization and staffs & Editorial Board
50(4) 301-301, 2022
DOI: JANT Vol.50(No.4) 301-301, 2022
50(4) 302-302, 2022
DOI: JANT Vol.50(No.4) 302-302, 2022
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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