Print ISSN: 1017-0715
Online ISSN: 2233-7180
6 times published by one year
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Vol.49 No.6 November 2021
Cover and Contents
50(2) 1-1, 2022
DOI: JANT Vol.50(No.2) 1-1, 2022
Aims and scope
The Relationship between Tree-Ring Growth in Pinus densiflora S. et Z. and the Corresponding Climatic Factors in Korea
Kwang Hee Lee , Sang Yoon Jo , Soo Chul Kim
50(2) 81-92, 2022
DOI:10.5658/WOOD.2022.50.2.81 JANT Vol.50(No.2) 81-92, 2022
To analyze the relationship between climatic factors (mean monthly temperature and total precipitation) and tree-ring growths of Pinus densiflora S. et Z. from National Parks (according to region) of the Korea, 20 trees were sampled from 13 National Parks. Only trees that were successfully cross-dated were used for dendrochronological analysis, and at least 11 trees were included. The tree-ring chronology of Mt. Bukhan (covering the shortest period of 1917-2016 [100 years]) was assessed, as well as that of Mt. Seorak (covering the longest period of 1687-2017 [331 years]). After cross-dating, each ring width series was double-standardized by first fitting a logarithmic curve and then a 50-year cubic spline. The relationships between climate and tree-ring growth were calculated with response function analysis. The results show a significant positive correlation between a given year’s February-March temperature, May precipitation levels, and tree-ring growth. It indicates that a higher temperature in early spring and precipitation before cambium activity are important for radial growths of Pinus densiflora in the Korea.
Effect of Different Conditions of Sodium Chloride Treatment on the Characteristics of Kenaf Fiber-Epoxy Composite Board
Tamaryska Setyayunita , Ragil Widyorini , Sri Nugroho Marsoem , Denny Irawati
50(2) 93-103, 2022
DOI:10.5658/WOOD.2022.50.2.93 JANT Vol.50(No.2) 93-103, 2022
Currently, biofibers are used as a reinforcement in polymer composites for structural elements and construction materials instead of the synthetic fibers which cause environmental problems and are expensive. One of the chemicals with a pH close to neutral that can be potentially used as a modified fiber material is sodium chloride (NaCl). Therefore, this study aims to investigate the characteristics of a composite board made from NaCl-treated kenaf fiber. A completely randomized design method was used with consideration of two factors: the content of NaCl in the treatment solution (1 wt%, 3 wt%, and 5 wt%) and the duration of immersion of fibers in the solution (1 h, 2 h, and 3 h). The NaCl treatment was conducted by soaking the fibers in the solution for different durations. The fibers were then rinsed with water until the pH of the water reached 7 and subsequently dried inside an oven at 80℃ for 6 h. Kenaf fiber and epoxy were mixed manually with the total loading of 20 wt% based on the dry weight of the fiber. Physical and mechanical properties of the fibers were then evaluated based on JIS A 5908 particleboard standards. The results showed that increasing NaCl content in the fiber treatment solution can increase the physical and mechanical properties of the composite board. The properties of fibers treated with 5 wt% NaCl for 3 h were superior with a modulus of elasticity of 2.085 GPa, modulus of rupture of 19.77 MPa, internal bonding of 1.8 MPa, thickness swelling of 3%, and water absorption of 10.9%. The contact angle of untreated kenaf fibers was 104°, which increased to 80° and 73° on treatment with 1 wt% and 5 wt% NaCl for 3 h, respectively.
Formaldehyde Deodorization Effect and Far-Infrared Emission Characteristics of Ceramics Prepared with Sawdust, Risk Husk, and Charcoal: Effect of Material Mixing Ratio
Jung-woo Hwang , Seung-won Oh
50(2) 104-112, 2022
DOI:10.5658/WOOD.2022.50.2.104 JANT Vol.50(No.2) 104-112, 2022
Indoor air quality is a very important environmental factor in modern society. However, air pollutants generated from various interior construction materials significantly affect the human body, including formaldehyde (HCHO) and volatile organic compounds that threaten public health by deteriorating indoor air quality. Effective in removing these harmful substances are porous materials, such as woodceramics. In this study, charcoal, a porous material, was added to rice husk, an agricultural by-product, and sawdust generated during the sawing process to prepare boards and ceramics at different mixing ratios, and the HCHO deodorization performance and far-infrared emission characteristics were measured. As the mixing ratio of charcoal increased, the deodorization rate of the boards and ceramics tended to increase. Overall, the deodorization rate was measured to be 80% to 90%, indicating that the boards and ceramics prepared with charcoal are suitable to be used for the purpose of deodorization. The effect of the material mixing ratio on far-infrared emissivity and emission power was insignificant.
Phytochemical and Anti-Termite Efficiency Study of Guibourtia tessmanii (harms) J. Léonard (Kévazingo) Bark Extracts from Gabon
Ley-fleury Ella Nkogo , Christ Stone Arnaud Bopenga Bopenga , Franck Estimé Ngohang , Line Edwige Mengome , Sophie Aboughe Angone , Prosper Edou Engonga
50(2) 113-125, 2022
DOI:10.5658/WOOD.2022.50.2.113 JANT Vol.50(No.2) 113-125, 2022
This study aimed to explore the biodiversity of chemical compounds found in the bark of Guibourtia tessmannii from Gabon, commonly called Kévazingo, and evaluate their anti-termite activity to determine their potential values as a source of development of anti-termite products that can be valued in the fields of fine chemicals and wood preservation. Extraction of G. tessmannii bark powders was carried out using the cold maceration method with trichloroethylene, acetone, ethanol, and water. Phytochemical screening made it possible to highlight groups of chemical families present in the extracts. Anti-termite activity was tested on the wild termites “Cubitermes sp” of the genus Isoptera. The yield of the extracts were 17.11% for the buttress and 13.42% for the height at 6 m. Phytochemical tests revealed that alkaloids, polyphenols, sterols, tannins, reducing compounds, flavonoids, saponins, and anthraquinones were present in the extracts. Results of anti-termite activity indicated that anti-termite activity varied with the different parts of the bark studied, extraction solvent, and concentration (50/50) and (25/75) of the extracts used. The extracts at 50/50 concentration showed a slightly better anti-termite activity compared to the 25/75 concentration. In addition, the buttress Kévazingo or buttress showed the strongest anti-termite activity for the aqueous extract with a survival rate of 0% after 2 days.
Experimental Investigation of the Sound Absorption Capability of Wood Pellets as an Eco-Friendly Material
50(2) 126-133, 2022
DOI:10.5658/WOOD.2022.50.2.126 JANT Vol.50(No.2) 126-133, 2022
In this study, I used wood pellets as an eco-friendly sound-absorbing material. The aim of the research was to analyze the effect of the filling height of wood pellets on sound absorption. This was done using two types of wood pellets of different lengths (A group: 1.5-3 cm, B group: less than 1.5 cm). With increasing filling height of the wood pellets, the optimum sound absorption shifted towards a lower frequency. The group B wood pellets had better sound absorption capacity than the group A ones. The optimum sound absorption coefficient of group A filled to a height of 7 cm was 0.722 at 864 Hz. On the other hand, that of group B filled to a height of 7 cm was 0.764 at 862 Hz, 5.82% higher than that of group A. While wood pellets are used as an eco-friendly fuel, the results of this study suggest the possibility of using wood pellets as an eco-friendly sound-absorbing material.
Development of Bamboo Zephyr Composite and the Physical and Mechanical Properties
Ihak Sumardi , Eka Mulya Alamsyah , Yoyo Suhaya , Rudi Dungani , Ignasia Maria Sulastiningsih , Syahdilla Risandra Pramestie
50(2) 134-147, 2022
DOI:10.5658/WOOD.2022.50.2.134 JANT Vol.50(No.2) 134-147, 2022
The objective of this study is to determine the effect of fiber direction arrangement and layer composition of hybrid bamboo laminate boards on the physical and mechanical properties. The raw material used was tali bamboo (Gigantochloa apus (J.A. & J.H. Schultes) Kurs) rope in the form of flat sheets (zephyr) and falcata veneer (Paraserianthes falcataria (L) Nielsen). Zephyr bamboo was arranged in three layers using water-based isocyanate polymer (WBPI) with a glue spread rate of 300 g/㎡. There were variations in the substitution of the core layer with falcata veneers (hybrid) as much as two layers and using a glue spread rate of 170 g/㎡. The laminated bamboo board was cold-pressed at a pressure of 22.2 kgf/㎠ for 1 h, and the physical and mechanical properties were evaluated. The results showed that the arrangement of the fiber direction significantly affected the dimensional stability, modulus of rupture, modulus of elasticity, shear strength, and screw withdrawal strength. However, the composition of the layers had no significant effect on the physical and mechanical properties. The bonding quality of bamboo laminate boards with WBPI was considered to be quite good, as shown by the absence of delamination in all test samples. The bamboo hybrid laminate board can be an alternative based on the physical and mechanical properties that can meet laminated board standards.
Editorial Board & Organization and staffs
50(2) 148-148, 2022
DOI: JANT Vol.50(No.2) 148-148, 2022
50(2) 149-149, 2022
DOI: JANT Vol.50(No.2) 149-149, 2022
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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